Galapagos Species Checklist


Furcraea hexapetala

(Jacq.) Urb.

Domain Eukaryota
Kingdom Plantae
Division Magnoliophyta
Class Liliopsida (= Monocotyledoneae)
Order Liliales
Family Agavaceae
Genus Furcraea

Furcraea hexapetala  (Jacq.) Urb.

 

English common name: cuban hemp

Spanish common name: cabuya, penco blanco

Local name: cabuya, penco blanco

Taxonomic comments: Syn.: Furcraea cubensis. In Jørgensen & León-Yánez (1999) as Agave hexapetala Jacq. and Furcraea cubensis (Jacq.) Vent.

Name status: Accepted name; taxon occurs in Galapagos.

Description: The cuban hemp is a shrub similar in appearance to the pineapple plant, composed of thorny, long, tough leaves. A spike of flowers that can measure up to 6 m in height eventually develops in the center.

The sisal is like the pineapple, composed of thorny, long, tough leaves. In the center there is a spike of flowers that can measure up to 6 m in height. It blossoms and bears fruit only once at 10 years of age and then dies. The seeds are dispersed by wind. The species also produces a large number of bulbs on the stem that sprout into new plants when they make contact with the ground, a form of vegetative reproduction.

Last updated: 21 Jan 2014

Origin

  • In
    Introduced
  • Na
    Native

  • Ac
    Accidental
  • Cu
    Cultivated
  • Er
    Eradicated
  • Es
    Escaped

    Taxon introduced for agricultural or domestic use; naturalized in the wild.

  • Ic
    Intercepted
  • AcQ
    Questionable Accidental
  • NaQ
    Questionable Native

Distribution

region.name region.name region.name region.name

Galapagos island groups: Floreana, Isabela, San Cristóbal, Santa Cruz.

Santa Cruz, San Cristobal, Isabela, Floreana, originally from Tropical America.


Please be aware that this distribution map is automatically generated from database records (CDF and external specimens, literature records, and observations) and may not accurately reflect the currently-known distribution for all species.

Literature

  • Chavez, J. (1993) Diagnostico de la Agricultura y la Ganader¡a en la Provincia de Galapagos. Tesis.
  • Clavijo, P., Valdebenito, H. & Hurtado, F. (1991) Plantas introducidas en las areas urbanas de las islas Galapagos. Typescript reports in files of Botany Dept.
  • Guézou, A., Trueman, M., Buddenhagen, E., Chamorro, S., Guerrero, A.M., Pozo, P., Atkinson, R. (2010) An extensive Alien Plan Inventory from the Inhabited Areas of Galapagos Plos One/ www.plosone.org. Volume 5/ Issue 4/e10276
  • Hamann, O. (1984) Changes and threats to the vegetation. In: Perry, R. (ed.) Key Environments: Galapagos. Pergamon Press, Oxford, p. 115-131.
  • Jørgensen, P.M., León-Yánez, S. (eds.) (1999) Catalogue of the Vascular Plants of Ecuador. Monographs in Systematic Botany from the Missouri Botanical Garden 75. Missouri Botanical Garden Press, St. Louis, 1181 pp.
  • Lawesson, J.E., Adsersen, H. & Bentley, P. (1987) An updated and annotated check list of the vascular plants of the Galapagos islands. Rept. Bot. Inst., Univ. Aarhus 16: 1-74.
  • Lawesson, J.E. (s.a.) Pers. obs. field notes, collections 1985-7.
  • McMullen, C.K. (1999) Flowering plants of the Galapagos. Cornell University Press, Ithaca and London, 370 pp.
  • Porter, D.M. (1983) Vascular Plants of the Galapagos: Origins and Dispersal. In: Bowman, R.I., Berson, M. & Leviton, A.E. (eds.): Patterns of evolution in Galápagos organisms. Pacific Division, AAAS, San Francisco, California, p. 33-96.
  • Schofield, E.K. (1973) Galapagos Flora: The Threat of Introduced Plants. Biol. Conservation 5(1): 48-51.
  • Tropicos.org. (2009) Database of Missouri Botanical Garden. Missouri Botanical Garden, http://www.tropicos.org.
  • Wiggins, I.L., Porter, D.M. (1971) Flora of the Galapagos Islands Standford University Press, Stanford.