Camponotus conspicuus zonatus Emery, 1894 on window sill, Casa Matthias Espinosa
© 2011 - Frank Bungartz, Charles Darwin Foundation.
Licensed under Creative Commons +
Ants are social insects characterized by their bent antennae and a distinctive node-like body with a slender waist.
Ants form colonies that range in size from a few dozen individuals to highly organized ones with different castes such as “workers”, “soldiers”, and other specialized groups. Nearly all colonies have fertile males called “drones” and at least one fertile female called the “queen”.
Ants have colonized almost all terrestrial habitats on Earth except Antarctica.
In Galapagos five subfamilies, 21 genera, and 48 ant species are currently known. Of these 44 species, Camponotus macilentus, Camponotus planus, Cyphomyrmex nesiotus, Pheidole williamsi are endemic. As many as 33 species are now known as introduced.
Author: Henri W. Herrera.
Other Contributors: Sandra Abedrabbo, Léon L. Baert, Charlotte Causton, Daniel Cherix, David Clarck, John M. Heraty, Trimurti Irzan, María T. Lasso, E. G. Linsley, John T. Longino, Yale Lubin, Alejandro Mieles, Stewart B. Peck, Boris Pezzati, Lázaro Roque-Álbelo, Robert Silberglied, Leslie Usinger, Leila von Aesch.
Last updated: Sept. 10, 2015
Names of taxa included: 47 total (37 accepted, 1 unidentified taxon, 2 doubtful, 4 preliminary identification, 1 problematic, 2 new to science).
Origin of the taxa included: 30 accidental, 1 questionable accidental, 3 questionable native, 4 endemic, 2 questionable endemic.
Adding up the number of species in each category will not always equal the total number indicated. Some species have insufficient data to be categorized while others (e.g., category eradicated) will not be included in the total.
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