Galapagos Species Checklist

Grasshoppers, locusts and crickets

The Order Orthoptera contains a varied assemblage of insects, which are usually herbivores, but some may be predators or scavengers.

Considering the richness of the mainland Ecuador fauna, the island fauna are highly impoverished.
Colonization may have been by flight (and wind) for strong fliers such as Schistocerca, Sphingonotus, and Neoconocephalus.
Rafting is more likely for weak fliers and flightless groups, especially in the Gryllidae (Nemobiinae and Mogoplistinae).
Seventy-four percent of the endemic species are flightless. Loss of flight ability on the Galapagos has occurred in Halmenus (maybe it is a descendent from a Schistocerca locust), Closteridea, Gryllus, and Conocephalus.

Of special note is the evolution of the two species of eyeless subterranean Anurogryllus crickets. No eyed ancestor of these is known in the islands. Evolution of endemics in the Orthoptera has been relatively frequent when compared to most other insect groups.

Authors: Stewart B. Peck, Daniel Otte.

Other Contributors: Sandra Abedrabbo, Fabián Bersosa, Ruth Boada, Charlotte Causton, Germania Estévez, Lilian Guzmán, Henri W. Herrera, María T. Lasso, Maria Piedad Lincango, E. G. Linsley, Yale Lubin, Alejandro Mieles, Renato Oquendo, Helmut W. Rogg, Lázaro Roque-Álbelo, Bradley J. Sinclair, Leslie Usinger.

Last updated: Jan. 24, 2014

Names of taxa included: 36 total (31 accepted, 1 unidentified taxon, 4 new to science).

Origin of the taxa included: 4 accidental, 28 endemic, 1 indigenous.

Adding up the number of species in each category will not always equal the total number indicated. Some species have insufficient data to be categorized while others (e.g., category eradicated) will not be included in the total.

Orthoptera Species Checklist

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Domain Eukaryota

Kingdom Animalia

Division Arthropoda

Class Insecta

Order Orthoptera

Suborder Caelifera

Superfamily Acridoidea

Family Acrididae

Suborder Ensifera

Superfamily Grylloidea

Family Gryllidae

Superfamily Tettigonioidea

Family Tettigoniidae

Download now
the entire Orthoptera checklist.

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Older publications

Jan. 18, 2013 csv 14.9 kb pdf 22.4 kb
July 3, 2012 csv 14.7 kb pdf 16.5 kb
May 20, 2012 csv 14.7 kb pdf 15.1 kb
April 13, 2011 csv 34.1 kb pdf 14.8 kb

You are welcome to download and use this information acknowledging the origin of the data.
This list should be cited as follows:

Peck, S. B., Otte, D. (2014). CDF Checklist of Galapagos Grasshoppers, locusts and crickets - FCD Lista de especies de Saltamontes, langostas y grillos de Galápagos. In: Bungartz, F., Herrera, H., Jaramillo, P., Tirado, N., Jiménez-Uzcátegui, G., Ruiz, D., Guézou, A. & Ziemmeck, F. (eds.). Charles Darwin Foundation Galapagos Species Checklist - Lista de Especies de Galápagos de la Fundación Charles Darwin. Charles Darwin Foundation / Fundación Charles Darwin, Puerto Ayora, Galapagos: Last updated 24 Jan 2014.