Galapagos Species Checklist

Flowering Plants

Calandrinia galapagosa

Calandrinia galapagosa

Magnoliophyta are also called angiosperms or flowering plants. They can be distinguished from other seed plants because of their flowers composed of sepals, petals, stamens, and carpels.
Angiosperms can be divided into the following general groups:

  • Primitive angiosperms include families such as the Nymphaeaceae, Magnoliaceae, Annonaceae, Piperaceae, Lauraceae, Aristolochiaceae.
  • Monocots are characterized by an embryo with only one cotyledon, a pollen grain opening with a single pore, leaves with parallel venation, and vascular bundles irregularly dispersed throughout the stem. The majority have flowers organized in sets of three.
  • Eudicots or true dicots have an embryo with two cotyledons, a pollen grain with three pores, leaves with reticulate venation, and vascular bundles organized within rings in their stem. The majority have flowers organized in sets of five.

The angiosperms include approximately 257,000 extant species, which represents almost 90% of all known terrestrial plants.
This group encompasses an enormous morphological diversity (e.g., herbs, shrubs, trees, vines), they occupy almost all ecological niches in terrestrial environments, quite a few species are also well adapted to aquatic ecosystems. Their highest diversity is found in the humid tropics, where they dominate the landscape.
Many species of angiosperms are economically very important as they represent the major part of foods consumed by humans, and are used in many plant-derived products.

Authors: Patricia Jaramillo Díaz, Anne Guézou, André Mauchamp, Alan Tye.

Other Contributors: Henning Adsersen, Ivan Aldáz, Elena Antolín, Chris Buddenhagen, Baltasar Cabezudo, Susana Chamorro, César Gómez-Campos †, Jacinto Gordillo, Ana Mireya Guerrero, Ole Hamman, Syuzo Itow, Heinke Jäger, Jonas E. Lawesson, Simon Lægaard, Conley McMullen, Duncan M. Porter, Paola Pozo, Alan Stewart, Maria M. Trigo, Alan Tye, Jorge Vera, Daniel Weber, Ira L. Wiggins, Erika Zambrano.

Last updated: May 15, 2017

Names of taxa included: 1435 total (1349 accepted, 5 species with infraspecific taxa, 8 unidentified taxon, 15 doubtful, 58 problematic), 114 rejected.

Origin of the taxa included: 100 accidental, 576 cultivated, 2 eradicated, 147 escaped, 1 intercepted, 36 questionable accidental, 56 questionable native, 245 endemic, 234 indigenous, 7 questionable endemic.

Adding up the number of species in each category will not always equal the total number indicated. Some species have insufficient data to be categorized while others (e.g., category eradicated) will not be included in the total.

Magnoliophyta Species Checklist

Expand all

Domain Eukaryota

Kingdom Plantae

Division Magnoliophyta

Class Liliopsida (= Monocotyledoneae)

Order Alismatales

Order Arales

Order Arecales

Order Asparagales

Order Bromeliales

Order Commelinales

Order Cyclantales

Order Cyperales

Order Dioscoreales

Order Liliales

Order Najadales

Order Orchidales

Order Pandanales

Order Zingiberales

Class Magnoliopsida (= Dicotyledoneae)

Order Apiales

Order Aristolochiales

Order Asterales

Order Callitrichales

Order Campanulales

Order Capparales

Order Caryophyllales

Order Celastrales

Order Dilleniales

Order Dipsacales

Order Ebenales

Order Ericales

Order Euphorbiales

Order Fabales

Order Fagales

Order Gentianales

Order Geraniales

Order Juglandales

Order Lamiales

Order Laurales

Order Linales

Order Magnoliales

Order Malpighiales

Order Malvales

Order Myrtales

Order Nymphaeales

Order Papaverales

Order Piperales

Order Plantaginales

Order Polygalales

Order Polygonales

Order Proteales

Order Ranunculales

Order Rhamnales

Order Rhizophorales

Order Rosales

Order Santalales

Order Santales

Order Sapindales

Order Scrophulariales

Order Solanales

Order Theales

Order Urticales

Order Violales

Division Pteridophyta

Class Pteridopsida

Order Athyriales

Rejected Species

Expand Rejected Species List

Collapse Rejected Species List

Download now
the entire Magnoliophyta checklist.

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Older publications

April 27, 2017 csv 543.1 kb pdf 656.9 kb
March 20, 2017 csv 543.3 kb pdf 658.4 kb
Nov. 24, 2016 csv 542.1 kb pdf 655.6 kb
Nov. 11, 2016 csv 542.2 kb pdf 655.9 kb
Sept. 30, 2016 csv 542.2 kb pdf 654.8 kb
Aug. 24, 2016 csv 542.2 kb pdf 654.8 kb
Aug. 3, 2016 csv 536.5 kb pdf 648.1 kb
Sept. 8, 2015 csv 525.5 kb pdf 645.7 kb
July 22, 2014 csv 517.2 kb pdf 639.5 kb
April 16, 2014 csv 517.3 kb pdf 639.5 kb
Jan. 21, 2014 csv 517.8 kb pdf 639.9 kb
March 1, 2013 csv 514.6 kb pdf 635.6 kb
April 13, 2011 csv 897.8 kb pdf 453.6 kb

You are welcome to download and use this information acknowledging the origin of the data.
This list should be cited as follows:

Jaramillo Díaz, P., Guézou, A., Mauchamp, A., Tye, A. (2017). CDF Checklist of Galapagos Flowering Plants - FCD Lista de especies de Plantas con flores de Galápagos. In: Bungartz, F., Herrera, H., Jaramillo, P., Tirado, N., Jiménez-Uzcátegui, G., Ruiz, D., Guézou, A. & Ziemmeck, F. (eds.). Charles Darwin Foundation Galapagos Species Checklist - Lista de Especies de Galápagos de la Fundación Charles Darwin. Charles Darwin Foundation / Fundación Charles Darwin, Puerto Ayora, Galapagos: Last updated 15 May 2017.