Galapagos Species Checklist

Jasminocereus thouarsii var. sclerocarpus (Schum.) Anderson & Walk.

candelabro

Pollen grain of Jasminocereus thouarsii var. sclerocarpus (scanning electron micrograph). Photo: Patricia Jaramillo Díaz & M. Mar Trigo, CDF, 2011.
Pollen grain of Jasminocereus thouarsii var. sclerocarpus (scanning electron micrograph). Photo: Patricia Jaramillo Díaz & M. Mar Trigo, CDF, 2011.

An impressive columnar cactus that can grow up to 5m tall. The large flowers have white and yellow petals. The plum-sized fruits grow on the trunks and turn bright red when ripe.

Taxonomy

Domain
Eukaryota

Kingdom
Plantae

Phylum
Magnoliophyta

Class
Magnoliopsida (= Dicotyledoneae)

Order
Caryophyllales

Family
Cactaceae

Genus
Jasminocereus

Species
thouarsii

Subspecies
var. sclerocarpus

Taxon category: Accepted

Syn.: Jasminocereus sclerocarpus (K. Schum.) Backeb. fide Wiggins & Porter (1971)

Status

Vulnerable

References

  • Wiggins, I.L. Porter, D.M. (1971) Flora of the Galapagos Islands Standford University Press, Stanford.
  • Lawesson, J.E. (s.a.) Pers. obs. field notes, collections 1985-7.
  • Adsersen, H. (s.a.) Personal observations Charles Darwin Research Station, unpublished Manuscript.
  • Jørgensen, P.M. León-Yánez, S. (eds.) (1999) Catalogue of the Vascular Plants of Ecuador. Monographs in Systematic Botany from the Missouri Botanical Garden 75. Missouri Botanical Garden Press, St. Louis, 1181 pp.
  • Tropicos.org. (2017) Database of Missouri Botanical Garden. Tropicos.org. Missouri Botanical Garden. 06 Oct 2017 <http://www.tropicos.org
  • Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew Missouri Botanical Garden (eds.) (2013) The Plant List, Version 1.1. Published on the Internet; http://www.theplantlist.org/ (accessed 1st January).
  • Stewart, A. (1911) A botanical survey of the Galápagos Islands. Proc. Calif. Acad. Sci. 4th Series, 1: 7-288.
  • Anderson, E.F. Walkington, D.L. (1970) New Combinations and Taxa in the Cactaceae of the Galápagos Islands. Madroño 20(5): 256.
  • Jaramillo, P. Trigo, M. M., Ramírez, E. &Mauchamp, A. (2010) Insect Pollinators of Jasminocereus thouarsii, an endemic cactus of the Galapagos Islands. Galapagos Research 67: 21-25.
  • Anderson, E.F. (1967.) An Account of My Cactus Collecting Trip to the Galapagos Islands. Cactus and Succulent J. Amer. 39:186-199.

The “Charles Darwin Foundation for the Galapagos Islands”, in French “Fondation Charles Darwin pour les îles Galapagos”, Association International sans but lucratif (“AISBL”), has its registered office located at Drève du Pieuré 19, 1160 Brussels, and is registered under the trade registry of Brussels under the number 0409.359.103.

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