Galapagos Species Checklist

Bursera graveolens (Kunth) Triana & Planch.

palo santo, sasafras, crispin, incense tree

Open Bursera forest near Bahía Sullivan, Santiago. Photo: Frank Bungartz, CDF, 2006.
Open Bursera forest near Bahía Sullivan, Santiago. Photo: Frank Bungartz, CDF, 2006.

A branching tree with twigs smelling of incense. Most of the year the tree is leafless, but in the rainy season it quickly produces thin blue-green leaves with toothed edges. The olive shapes fruit turn bright red when ripe, and burst open to reveal black seeds inside.

Taxonomy

Domain
Eukaryota

Kingdom
Plantae

Phylum
Magnoliophyta

Class
Magnoliopsida (= Dicotyledoneae)

Order
Sapindales

Family
Burseraceae

Genus
Bursera

Species
graveolens

Taxon category: Accepted

Syn.: Elaphrium graveolens Kunth, Spondias edmonstonei Hook.f. fide Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew & Missouri Botanical Garden (2010)

Status

Vulnerable

References

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  • Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew Missouri Botanical Garden (eds.) (2013) The Plant List, Version 1.1. Published on the Internet; http://www.theplantlist.org/ (accessed 1st January).
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  • Schönitzer, K. (1975) Galápagos Plants. Privately Published, Quito: 1-43.
  • Schofield, E.K. (1971) Field Guide to Some Common Galápagos Plants. Lindblad Travel, Inc., NY: 1-42.
  • Guerrero, A. Tye, A. (2009) Darwin's Finches as seed predators and dispersers. The Wilson Journal Of Ornithology 121 (4):752-764, 2009
  • Heleno, R. Blake, S., Jaramillo, P., Traveset, A., Vargas, P. & Nogales, M. (2011) Frugivory and seed dispersal in the Galápagos: what is the state of the art? Integrative Zoology 6: 110-128.
  • Blake, S. Wikelski, M., Cabrera, F., Guézou, A., Silva, M., Sadeghayobi, E., Yackulik, C. & Jaramillo, P. (2011) Gardeners of Galapagos? Seed dispersal by giant tortoises. Journal of Biogeography (submission): 1-41.
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  • Weeks, A. Tye, A. (2009) Phylogeography of palo santo trees (Bursera graveolens and Brusera malacophylla; Burseraceae) in the Galápagos archipielago Botanical Journal of the Linnean Society, 2009, 161, 396-410.
  • Atkinson, I. A. E. (1987) Algunas consideraciones sobre la cartografía y clasificación de la vegetación en las Islas Galápagos. Memorias. Taller de Investigación Botánica y Manejo en Galápagos. Pg. 114- 131.
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  • Quintana, C. Girardello, M., Barfod, A. & Balslev, H. (2016) Diversity patterns, environmental drivers and changes in vegetation composition in dry inter-Andean valleys. Journal of Plant Ecology: 1–15

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