Galapagos Species Checklist

Pelecanus occidentalis urinator Linnaeus, 1766

Pelícano café, Brown Pelican

Brown Pelican in Santa Cruz, Galapagos. Photo: CDF Archive.
Brown Pelican in Santa Cruz, Galapagos. Photo: CDF Archive.

Taxonomy

Domain
Eukaryota

Kingdom
Animalia

Phylum
Chordata

Class
Aves

Order
Pelecaniformes

Family
Pelecanidae

Genus
Pelecanus

Species
occidentalis

Subspecies
urinator

Taxon category: Accepted

Syn.: Pelecanus occidentalis Linnaeus, 1766; Pelecanus fuscus Sundevall, 1871; Pelecanus californicus Ridgway, 1890; Pelecanus fuscus californicus Ridgway, 1897;

Status

IUCN Red List Category: Not evaluated

Ecology

Feeding type: Piscivorous

Fish

Trophic role: Carnivorous

Reproduction mode: Exclusively sexual

Distribution

Distribution map of specimen collection localities or observation records for this species in our collections database.

Distribution: Breeds on all the central islands and on Española and Marchena.

References

  • Wiedenfeld, D.A. (2006) Aves, the Galapagos Islands, Ecuador. Check List 2006 2(2): 1-27.
  • Jiménez-Uzcátegui, G. Milstead, B., Márquez, C., Zabala, J., Buitrón, P., Llerena, A., et al. (2007) Galapagos vertebrates: endangered status and conservation actions. Galapagos Report 2006–2007. Charles Darwin Foundation, Puerto Ayora, p. 104–110.
  • Harris, M.P. (1973) The Galápagos avifauna. Condor 75(3): 265-278.
  • Harris, M.P. (1982) A field guide to the birds of Galápagos. Collins, London, 2nd ed., 160 pp.
  • Salvin, O. (1876) On the avifauna of the Galápagos Archipelago. Transactions of the Zoological Society of London 9: 447-510.
  • Sundevall, C.J. (1871) On birds from the Galápagos Islands. Proceedings of the Zoological Society of London 1871: 124-129.
  • Castro, I. Phillips, A. (1996) A Guide to the Birds of the Galapagos Islands. Christopher Helm Publishers Ltd., London.
  • Swarth, H.S. (1931) The Avifauna of the Galapagos Islands. Occ. Pap. Calif. Acad. Sci. 18: 1-299.
  • IUCN (2015) The IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. Version 2015-4. <www.iucnredlist.org>. Downloaded on 20 November 2015.

The “Charles Darwin Foundation for the Galapagos Islands”, in French “Fondation Charles Darwin pour les îles Galapagos”, Association International sans but lucratif (“AISBL”), has its registered office located at Chaussée de la Hulpe 177 Bte 20 (rez) - 1170, Brussels, and is registered under the trade registry of Brussels under the number 0409.359.103.

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