Galapagos Species Checklist

Phoebastria irrorata (Salvin, 1883)

Albatros de Galápagos, Waved Albatross

Waved Albatross in Española, Galapagos. Photo: David Anchundia, CDF.
Waved Albatross in Española, Galapagos. Photo: David Anchundia, CDF.










Taxon category: Accepted

Syn.: Diomedea irrorata Salvin, 1883

Taxon origin: Endemic


Critically endangered


Feeding type: Piscivorous

Trophic role: Carnivorous

Reproduction mode: Exclusively sexual


Distribution: Present on Española Island. A few pair on Genovesa without reproduce success, and few pair on La Plata Island (Manabí Province).


  • Wiedenfeld, D.A. (2006) Aves, the Galapagos Islands, Ecuador. Check List 2006 2(2): 1-27.
  • Jiménez-Uzcátegui, G. Milstead, B., Márquez, C., Zabala, J., Buitrón, P., Llerena, A., et al. (2007) Galapagos vertebrates: endangered status and conservation actions. Galapagos Report 2006–2007. Charles Darwin Foundation, Puerto Ayora, p. 104–110.
  • Jiménez-Uzcátegui, G. Wiedenfeld, D.A. (2002) Marine birds. Reserva marina de Galápagos. Línea base de la biodiversidad. Danulat, E. & G.J. Edgar (eds.). Fundación Charles Darwin/Servicio Parque Nacional Galápagos, Santa Cruz, Galápagos, Ecuador. p. 343–372.
  • Granizo, T. Pacheco, C., Rivadeneira, M. B., Guerrero M. & Suárez, L. (eds.) (2002) Libro Rojo de las Aves del Ecuador. SIMBIOE/Conservation International/EcoCiencia/Ministerio del Ambiente/IUCN. Serie Libros Rojos del Ecuador, tomo 2. Quito, Ecuador.
  • Harris, M.P. (1973) The Galápagos avifauna. Condor 75(3): 265-278.
  • Anderson, D.J. Huyvaert, K.P., Apanius, V., Townsend, H., Gill, C.L., et al. (2002) Population Size and Trends of the Waved Albatross Phoebastria irrorata. Marine Ornithology 30: 63–69.
  • Anderson, D.J. Huyvaert, K.P., Awkerman, J., Proaño, C., Misltead, B., Jiménez-Uzcátegui, et al. (2008) Population status of the critically endangered waved albatross Phoebastria irrorata, 1999 to 2007. Endang species res. Published online.
  • Castro, I. Phillips, A. (1996) A Guide to the Birds of the Galapagos Islands. Christopher Helm Publishers Ltd., London.
  • Swarth, H.S. (1931) The Avifauna of the Galapagos Islands. Occ. Pap. Calif. Acad. Sci. 18: 1-299.
  • Padilla, L.R. Huyvaert, K.P., Merkel, J., Miller, R.E. & Parker, P.G. (2003) Hematology, plasma chemistry, serology, and Chlamydophila status of the waved albatross (Phoebastria irrorata) on the Galapagos Islands. Journal of Zoo and Wildlife Medicine 34(3): 278-283.
  • Parker, P.G. Whiteman, N.K., & Miller, R.E. (2006) Conservation medicine on the Galápagos Islands: partnerships among behavioral, population, and veterinarian scientists. The Auk 123(3): 625-638.
  • Jiménez-Uzcátegui, G. (2010) Monitoreo de albatros 2010, Isla Española. Informe para la Fundación Charles Darwin y Parque Nacional Galápagos. Puerto Ayora, Ecuador, 7 pp.
  • Wiedenfeld, D.A. Jiménez-Uzcátegui, G. (2008) Critical problems for bird conservation in the Galapagos Island. Cotinga 29: 22-27.
  • Jiménez-Uzcátegui, G. Mangel, J., Alfaro-Shigueto, J. & Anderson, D.J. (2006) Fishery bycatch of the waved albatros P. irrorata, a need for implementation of agreements. Galápagos Research 64(2): 7-9.
  • Huyvaert, K.P. Parker, P.G. (2006) Absence of population genetic structure among breeding colonies of the Waved Albatross. The Condor 108: 440–445.
  • Huyvaert, K.P. Parker, P.G. (2010) Extra-pair paternity in waved albatrosses: genetic relationships among females, social mates and genetic sires. Behaviour 147: 1591-1613.
  • Jiménez-Uzcátegui, G. Sarzosa, S.M., Encalada, E., Rodríguez-Hidalgo, R., Celi-Erazo, M., Sevilla, C. & K.P. Huyvaert. (2015) Gastrointestinal Parasites in the Waved Albatross (Phoebastria irrorata) of Galápagos. Journal of Wildlife Diseases 51 (3): 784-786.
  • IUCN (2015) The IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. Version 2015-4. <>. Downloaded on 20 November 2015.
  • Jiménez-Uzcátegui, G. Harris, M.P., Sevilla, C., Huyvaert, K.P. (2016) LONGEVITY RECORDS FOR THE WAVED ALBATROSS Phoebastria irrorata Marine Ornithology: 40: 133-134.
  • Freile, J.F. Santander, T., Jiménez-Uzcátegui, G., Carrasco, L., Cisneros-Heredia, D., Guevara, E., Sánchez-Nivicela, M., Tinoco, B. (2019) Lista Roja de las aves del Ecuador Quito, Ecuador. 97 pp.

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