Galapagos Species Checklist

Zenaida galapagoensis Gould, 1841

Tórtola de Galápagos, Paloma de Galápagos, Galapagos Dove

Zenaida galapagoensis Gould, 1841 (Isla Pinta) Photo: Ruben Heleno, CDF, 2010.
Zenaida galapagoensis Gould, 1841 (Isla Pinta) Photo: Ruben Heleno, CDF, 2010.










Taxon category: Accepted

Syn.: Zenaida galapagoensis galapagoensis Gould, 1841; Zenaida galapagoensis exsul (Rothschild & Hartert, 1899)

Taxon origin

Taxon origin: Endemic


Near threatened


Distribution: Common on the Islands.


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  • Jiménez-Uzcátegui, G. Milstead, B., Márquez, C., Zabala, J., Buitrón, P., Llerena, A., et al. (2007) Galapagos vertebrates: endangered status and conservation actions. Galapagos Report 2006–2007. Charles Darwin Foundation, Puerto Ayora, p. 104–110.
  • Granizo, T. Pacheco, C., Rivadeneira, M. B., Guerrero M. & Suárez, L. (eds.) (2002) Libro Rojo de las Aves del Ecuador. SIMBIOE/Conservation International/EcoCiencia/Ministerio del Ambiente/IUCN. Serie Libros Rojos del Ecuador, tomo 2. Quito, Ecuador.
  • Salvin, O. (1876) On the avifauna of the Galápagos Archipelago. Transactions of the Zoological Society of London 9: 447-510.
  • Rothschild, W. Hartert, E. & Jordan, K. (1899) A review of the ornithology of the Galapagos Islands with notes on the Webster-Harris Expedition. Novitates Zoologicae 6(2): 85-286.
  • Harmon, W.M. Clark, W.A., Hawbecker, A.C. & Stafford, M. (1987) Trichomonas gallinae in columbiform birds from the Galápagos Islands. Journal of Wildlife Diseases 23(3): 492-494.
  • Sundevall, C.J. (1871) On birds from the Galápagos Islands. Proceedings of the Zoological Society of London 1871: 124-129.
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  • Padilla, L.R. Santiago-Alarcon, D., Merkel, J., Miller, R.E. & Parker, P.G. (2004) Survey for Haemoproteus spp., Trichomonas gallinae, Chlamydophila psittaci, and Salmonella spp. in Galapagos Islands Columbiformes. Journal of Zoo and Wildlife Medicine 35(1): 60–64.
  • McQuistion, T.E. (1991) Eimeria palumbi, a New Coccidian Parasite (Apicomplexa: Eimeriidae) from the Galapagos Dove (Zenaida galapagoensis). Transactions of the American Microscopical Society 110(2): 178-181.
  • Whiteman, N.K. Santiago-Alarcon, D. (2004) Differences in straggling rates between two genera of dove lice (Insecta: Phthiraptera) reinforce population genetic and cophylogenetic patterns. International Journal for Parasitology 34: 1113-1119.
  • Padilla, L.R. Whiteman, N.K., Merkel, J., Huyvaert, K.P. & Parker, P.G. (2006) Health assessment of seabirds on Isla Genovesa, Galápagos Islands. Ornithological Monographs 60: 86-97.
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  • Santiago-Alarcon, D. Outlaw, D.C., Ricklefs, R.E. & Parker, P.G. (2010) Phylogenetic relationships of haemosporidian parasites in New World Columbiformes, with emphasis on the endemic Galapagos dove. International Journal for Parasitology 40: 463–470.
  • Parker, P.G. Whiteman, N.K., & Miller, R.E. (2006) Conservation medicine on the Galápagos Islands: partnerships among behavioral, population, and veterinarian scientists. The Auk 123(3): 625-638.
  • Santiago-Alarcon, D. Whiteman, N.K., Parker, P.G., Ricklefs, R.E. & Valkiūnas, G. (2008) Patterns of parasite abundance and distribution in island populations of Galápagos endemic birds. Journal of Parasitology 94(3): 584–590.
  • Jiménez-Uzcátegui, G. Betancourt, F. (2008) Avifauna vs automotores. Informe Galápagos 2007-2008. FCD, PNG & INGALA. Puerto Ayora, Ecuador. p. 111–114.
  • Hickin, N. (1979) Animal life of the Galapagos. Ferundune Books, Faringdon, U.K., 236 pp.
  • Bisconti, M. Landini, W., Bianucci, G., Cantalamessa, G., Carnevale, G. Ragaini, L. & Valleri, G. (2001) Biogeographic relationships of the Galapagos terrestrial biota: parsimony analyses of endemicity based on reptiles, land birds and Scalesia land plants. J. Biogeogr. 28: 495-510.
  • Alatalo, R. V. (1982) Bird Species Distributions in the Galapagos, Ecuador, and Other Archipelagoes: Competition Or Chance?. Ecology 63 (4): 881-887
  • Amadon, D. (1965) Notes on the Galapagos hawk. L'Oiseau Revue Française Ornithologie 35 (Spécial).
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The mission of the Charles Darwin Foundation and its Research Station is to tackle the greatest threats and challenges to Galapagos through scientific research and conservation action, in order to safeguard one of the world’s most important natural treasures.

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