Galapagos Species Checklist

Scarus ghobban Forsskål, 1775

loro barba azul, loro barbazul, Bluechin parrotfish

Size: Common to 46 cm. TP - Green to blue-green; pink central stripe on dorsal and anal fins; blue markings around pectoral fin and underside often yellowish to pinkish.

Habitat: Shallow water, most abundant in regions of coral development.

Taxonomy

Domain
Eukaryota

Kingdom
Animalia

Phylum
Chordata

Class
Actinopterygii

Order
Perciformes

Family
Scaridae

Genus
Scarus

Species
ghobban

Taxon category: Accepted

Syn.: Callyodon apridentatus Smith, 1956, Callyodon dussumieri (Valenciennes, 1840), Callyodon fuscocuneus Fowler, 1935, Callyodon ghobban (Forsskål, 1775), Callyodon guttatus (Bloch & Schneider, 1801), Callyodon speigleri Smith, 1956, Hemistoma reticulata Swainson, 1839, Pseudoscarus californiensis Pellegrin, 1901, Pseudoscarus cantori Bleeker, 1861, Pseudoscarus flavipinnis De Vis, 1885, Pseudoscarus garretti Günther, 1909, Pseudoscarus natalensis Gilchrist & Thompson, 1909, Pseudoscarus nudirostris Alleyne & Macleay, 1877, Pseudoscarus papuensis Macleay, 1883, Scarus apridentatus Smith, Scarus azureus Meek & Hildebrand, 1928, Scarus dussumieri Valenciennes, 1840, Scarus fehlmanni Schultz, 1969, Scarus guttatus Bloch & Schneider, 1801, Scarus haridoides Bleeker, 1855, Scarus lacerta Valenciennes, 1840, Scarus maculosus Lacepède, 1802, Scarus magrathii Bennett, 1841, Scarus noyesi Heller & Snodgrass, 1903, Scarus pepo Bennett, 1830, Scarus pyrrostethus Richardson, 1846, Scarus pyrrostethus australianus Paradice, 1927, Scarus scabriusculus Valenciennes, 1840, Scarus toshi Whitley, 1933, fide Appeltans et al. (2010)

Status

IUCN Red List Category: Not evaluated

Distribution

Distribution map of specimen collection localities or observation records for this species in our collections database.

Distribution: widespread Indo-Pacific species; in the eastern Pacific from the lower Gulf of California to Panama and Galapagos, Widespread in Tropical Indo-Pacific. Southwest Gulf of California to Ecuador. Galápagos, Cocos and Malpelo Islands.

References

  • Grove, J.S. Lavenberg, R.J. (1997) The Fishes of the Galapagos Islands. Stanford University Press, Stanford California. 862 pp.
  • Humann, P. Deloach, N. (2003) Reef Fish Identification - Galapagos. New World Publication, Inc. Florida USA & Libri Mundi, Quito, Ecuador, 226 pp.
  • Appeltans, W. Bouchet, P., Boxshall, G.A., Fauchald, K., Gordon, D.P., Hoeksema, B.W., Poore, G.C.B., van Soest, R.W.M., Stöhr, S., Walter, T.C., Costello, M.J. (eds.) (2010) World Register of Marine Species (WoRMS). Available online at http://www.marinespecies.org.
  • IUCN (2010) IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. Version 2010.1. <www.iucnredlist.org>. Downloaded on 26 April 2010.
  • McCosker, J.E. Rosenblatt, R.H. (2010) The fishes of the Galápagos Archipelago: an update. Proc. Calif. Acad. Sc., Ser. 4, vol. 61, Suppl. II, no. 11: 167-195.
  • Edgar, G.J. Fariña, J.M., Calvopiña, M., Martínez, C. & Banks, S. (2002) Comunidades submareales rocosas II: Peces y macroinvertebrados móviles. In: Danulat, E. & Edgar, G.J. (eds.) (2002): Reserva Marina de Galápagos. Línea Base de la Biodiversidad. Fundación Charles Darwin/Servicio Parque Nacional Galápagos, Santa Cruz, Galápagos, Ecuador, p. 68-97.
  • Banks, S. Vera, M. & Chiriboga, A. (2009) Establishing Reference Points to Assess Long-Term Change in Zooxanthellate Coral Communities of the Northern Galapagos Coral Reefs. J. Sci. Conserv. in the Galapagos Islands, p. 43-64.
  • Constant, P. (2007) Marine Life of the Galapagos. The Diver's guide to Fishes, Whales, Dolphins and marine Invertebrates, 307 pp.

The “Charles Darwin Foundation for the Galapagos Islands”, in French “Fondation Charles Darwin pour les îles Galapagos”, Association International sans but lucratif (“AISBL”), has its registered office located at Drève du Pieuré 19, 1160 Brussels, and is registered under the trade registry of Brussels under the number 0409.359.103.

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