Galapagos Species Checklist

Scarus ghobban Forsskål, 1775

loro barba azul, loro barbazul, Bluechin parrotfish

Size: Common to 46 cm. TP - Green to blue-green; pink central stripe on dorsal and anal fins; blue markings around pectoral fin and underside often yellowish to pinkish.

Habitat: Shallow water, most abundant in regions of coral development.






Eupercaria incertae sedis




Taxon category: Accepted

Syn.: Callyodon apridentatus Smith, 1956, Callyodon dussumieri (Valenciennes, 1840), Callyodon fuscocuneus Fowler, 1935, Callyodon ghobban (Forsskål, 1775), Callyodon guttatus (Bloch & Schneider, 1801), Callyodon speigleri Smith, 1956, Hemistoma reticulata Swainson, 1839, Pseudoscarus californiensis Pellegrin, 1901, Pseudoscarus cantori Bleeker, 1861, Pseudoscarus flavipinnis De Vis, 1885, Pseudoscarus garretti Günther, 1909, Pseudoscarus natalensis Gilchrist & Thompson, 1909, Pseudoscarus nudirostris Alleyne & Macleay, 1877, Pseudoscarus papuensis Macleay, 1883, Scarus apridentatus Smith, Scarus azureus Meek & Hildebrand, 1928, Scarus dussumieri Valenciennes, 1840, Scarus fehlmanni Schultz, 1969, Scarus guttatus Bloch & Schneider, 1801, Scarus haridoides Bleeker, 1855, Scarus lacerta Valenciennes, 1840, Scarus maculosus Lacepède, 1802, Scarus magrathii Bennett, 1841, Scarus noyesi Heller & Snodgrass, 1903, Scarus pepo Bennett, 1830, Scarus pyrrostethus Richardson, 1846, Scarus pyrrostethus australianus Paradice, 1927, Scarus scabriusculus Valenciennes, 1840, Scarus toshi Whitley, 1933, fide Appeltans et al. (2010)

Taxon origin: Native


IUCN Red List Category: Not evaluated


Map of specimen collection localities or observation records for this species in our collections database.

Distribution: widespread Indo-Pacific species; in the eastern Pacific from the lower Gulf of California to Panama and Galapagos, Widespread in Tropical Indo-Pacific. Southwest Gulf of California to Ecuador. Galápagos, Cocos and Malpelo Islands.


  • Grove, J.S. Lavenberg, R.J. (1997) The Fishes of the Galapagos Islands. Stanford University Press, Stanford California. 862 pp.
  • Humann, P. Deloach, N. (2003) Reef Fish Identification - Galapagos. New World Publication, Inc. Florida USA & Libri Mundi, Quito, Ecuador, 226 pp.
  • Appeltans, W. Bouchet, P., Boxshall, G.A., Fauchald, K., Gordon, D.P., Hoeksema, B.W., Poore, G.C.B., van Soest, R.W.M., Stöhr, S., Walter, T.C., Costello, M.J. (eds.) (2010) World Register of Marine Species (WoRMS). Available online at
  • IUCN (2010) IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. Version 2010.1. <>. Downloaded on 26 April 2010.
  • McCosker, J.E. Rosenblatt, R.H. (2010) The fishes of the Galápagos Archipelago: an update. Proc. Calif. Acad. Sc., Ser. 4, vol. 61, Suppl. II, no. 11: 167-195.
  • Edgar, G.J. Fariña, J.M., Calvopiña, M., Martínez, C. & Banks, S. (2002) Comunidades submareales rocosas II: Peces y macroinvertebrados móviles. In: Danulat, E. & Edgar, G.J. (eds.) (2002): Reserva Marina de Galápagos. Línea Base de la Biodiversidad. Fundación Charles Darwin/Servicio Parque Nacional Galápagos, Santa Cruz, Galápagos, Ecuador, p. 68-97.
  • Banks, S. Vera, M. & Chiriboga, A. (2009) Establishing Reference Points to Assess Long-Term Change in Zooxanthellate Coral Communities of the Northern Galapagos Coral Reefs. J. Sci. Conserv. in the Galapagos Islands, p. 43-64.
  • Constant, P. (2007) Marine Life of the Galapagos. The Diver's guide to Fishes, Whales, Dolphins and marine Invertebrates, 307 pp.

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