Galapagos Species Checklist

Lantana camara L.

supirrosa, curse of India, koster's curse, multicolored lantana, spanish flag

Lantana camara L., Santa Cruz Island, Galapagos. Photo: Ruben Heleno, CDF, 2011.
Lantana camara L., Santa Cruz Island, Galapagos. Photo: Ruben Heleno, CDF, 2011.

The supirrosa is a spiny shrub 2 to 3 m high. It has beautiful flowers in vibrant colors (yellow and red). The plants are hybrids selected for the color of their flowers.

The supirrosa is a spiny shrub 2 to 3 m high beginning to bear fruit at 2 years of age. It has beautiful flowers in vibrant colors (yellow and red). The seeds are dispersed by birds. The plants are hybrids selected for the color of their flowers.

Taxonomy

Domain
Eukaryota

Kingdom
Plantae

Phylum
Magnoliophyta

Class
Magnoliopsida (= Dicotyledoneae)

Order
Lamiales

Family
Verbenaceae

Genus
Lantana

Species
camara

Taxon category: Accepted

Syn.: Lantana armata Schauer

Taxon origin: Introduced - established

Ecology

Preference for an altitude zone in Galapagos: Dry zone - transition zone

Habitat preferences: Grows as a weed on cultivated land, fence lines, pastures, rangelands, and waste areas. Thrives in both dry and wet areas. Often found growing in valleys, mountain slopes, steep, rocky rangelands, and coastal areas. Capable of flowering year-round in warm regions. Found in arid lowlands and moist uplands in Galapagos.

Trophic role: Primary producer

Reproductive biology: Begins to flower at 2 years of age. Seeds are dispersed by birds and rodents.

Growth form: Shrubs

Distribution origin: Central America

Dispersal propagule: Seed

Seeds are dispersed by birds and rodents.

Introduction

Mode of introduction: Intentional

Status in Galapagos: Naturalized

Aggressive status: Transformer

Impact in Galapagos: On Floreana it is a serious problem for the native forest, hills, and agricultural area.

Impact elsewhere: Known as invasive in many parts of the world for agricultural and natural ecosystems where they invade and displace native plants.

Control methods elsewhere: Biological: The species has been the focus of many biological control projects, but most have not been successful because in most cases, plants are hybrids or of unknown origin. Mechanical: Seedlings should be pulled manually. Chemical: Juveniles and adults should be treated with herbicide.

Year of first record: 1977

Distribution

Map of specimen collection localities or observation records for this species in our collections database.

Distribution: San Cristobal, Santa Cruz, extensive distribution on Floreana, limited distribution on Isabela, originally from Central America.

References

  • Hamann, O. (1984) Changes and threats to the vegetation. In: Perry, R. (ed.) Key Environments: Galapagos. Pergamon Press, Oxford, p. 115-131.
  • Clavijo, P. Valdebenito, H. & Hurtado, F. (1991) Plantas introducidas en las areas urbanas de las islas Galapagos. Typescript reports in files of Botany Dept.
  • Jaramillo, P. (1998) Distribución Espacial de la Vegetación Vascular y Dispersión de Especies Introducidas dentro del Parque Nacional Galápagos. Tesis de Doctorado en Biología, Universidad Central del Ecuador. Especialización ECOLOGIA DE POBLACIONES.
  • Jørgensen, P.M. León-Yánez, S. (eds.) (1999) Catalogue of the Vascular Plants of Ecuador. Monographs in Systematic Botany from the Missouri Botanical Garden 75. Missouri Botanical Garden Press, St. Louis, 1181 pp.
  • McMullen, C.K. (1999) Flowering plants of the Galapagos. Cornell University Press, Ithaca and London, 370 pp.
  • Tropicos.org. (2017) Database of Missouri Botanical Garden. Tropicos.org. Missouri Botanical Garden. 06 Oct 2017 <http://www.tropicos.org
  • Funk, V.T. Hollowell, T., Berry, P., Kelloff, C. & Alexander, S.N. (2007) Checklist of the Plants of the Guiana Shield (Venezuela: Amazonas, Bolivar, Delta Amacuro; Guyana, Surinam, French Guiana). Contributions from the United States National Herbarium 55: 1-584.
  • Hokche, O. Berry, P.E. & Huber, O. (2008) Nuev. Cat. Fl. Vas. Venezuela 1–860.
  • Causton, C.E. Sevilla, C. (2008) Latest Records of Introduced Invertebrates in Galapagos and Measures to control them. Galapagos Report 2006-2007, CDF, GNP and INGALA, Puerto Ayora, Galapagos, Ecuador, p. 142-145.
  • Itow, S. (1997) List of Plant Specimens collected in the Galápagos Islands, Ecuador. Bulletin of the Faculty of Liberal Arts, Nagasaki University, Natural Science, 38 (1): 53-144.
  • Quintana, M.C. (2010) Wild plants in the dry valleys around Quito-Ecuador. Publicaciones del Herbario QCA, PUCE. Quito-Ecuador, 266 pp.
  • Carvajal, Y. (1985) Status and Rgeneration of Scalesia pedunculata in Galápagos Annual Report 1986-1987. Charles Darwin Research Station. Pg 40-42
  • Jaramillo, P. (1999) Impacto de las Actividades Humanas sobre las comunidades de plantas nativas en el Parque Nacional Galápagos. Informe Galápagos, 50-55 (Eds P. Ospina and E. Muñóz). Quito-Ecuador: Fundación Natura y el Fondo Mundial para la Naturaleza (WWF).
  • Jaramillo, P. (1999) Impact of Human Activities on the Native Plant Life in Galapagos National Park. Galapagos Report, 50-55 (Eds P. Ospina and E. Muñóz.). Quito-Ecuador: Fundación Natura and World Wildlife Fund (WWF).
  • Tapia, W. Jaramillo, P. (1999) Las especies introducidas agresivas en las islas Galápagos y medidas tomadas para su control. El Parquero. 40 años del Parque Nacional Galápagos, 14-16.
  • Guézou, A. Trueman, M., Buddenhagen, E., Chamorro, S., Guerrero, A.M., Pozo, P., Atkinson, R. (2010) An extensive Alien Plan Inventory from the Inhabited Areas of Galapagos Plos One/ www.plosone.org. Volume 5/ Issue 4/e10276
  • Castro, S. A. Curtis, C.D., Silva, L., Torres-Santana, C.W., Reyes-Betancort, J.A., Atkinson, R., Jaramillo, P., Guézou, A. & Jaksic, F. M. (2010) Floristic homogenization as a teleconnected trend in oceanic islands. Diversity and Distributions, (Diversity Distrib.): 1-9.
  • Lawesson, J.E. (1987) Plantas exóticas en las Islas Galápagos, un resumen. Memorias. Taller sobre investigación Botánica y manejo en Galápagos. Pg. 17-23.
  • Gardener, M. Atkinson, R., Rueda, D. & Hobbs, R. (2010) Optimizando la restauración de la degradada parte alta de Galápagos: un marco conceptual. Informe Galápagos 2009-2010.
  • Gordillo, J. (1987) La colonización de San Cristobal, Islas Galápagos una Perspectiva Histórica Memorias. Investigación Botánica y Manejo en Galápagos.Pg. 278-281
  • Davis, S. (1987) El centro mundial para el monitoreo de la conservación y las floras insulares amenazadas. Memorias. Taller sobre investigación Botánica y Manejo en Galápagos. Pg. 304-314
  • Atkinson, I. A. E. (1987) Algunas consideraciones sobre la cartografía y clasificación de la vegetación en las Islas Galápagos. Memorias. Taller de Investigación Botánica y Manejo en Galápagos. Pg. 114- 131.
  • Adsersen, H. (1987) Cuadrantes permanentes de vegetación en Galápagos Memorias. Investigación Botánica y Manejo en Galápagos. Pg. 166-171
  • MacDonald, I. A. W. (1987) Estrategias para limitar la invasión de organismos introducidos a las áreas protegidas Memorias. Investigación Botánica y Manejo en Galápagos. Pg.210-223
  • Lawesson, J.E. Ortiz, L. (1987) Plantas Introducidas en las Islas Galápagos Memorias. Investigación Botánica y Manejo en Galápagos. Pg.224-235
  • Lawesson, J.E. Hamann, O., Black, J. (1987) Recopilación de las recomendaciones del taller: Investigación Botánica y Manejo en Galápagos Memorias. Investigación Botánica y Manejo en Galápagos. Pg.329-336
  • Jaramillo, P. (1999) Impacto de las Actividades Humanas sobre las comunidades de plantas nativas en el Parque Nacional Galápagos. Informe Galápagos, 50-55 (Eds P. Ospina and E. Muñóz). Quito-Ecuador: Fundación Natura y el Fondo Mundial para la Naturaleza (WWF).
  • Jaramillo, P. (1999) Impact of Human Activities on the Native Plant Life in Galapagos National Park. Galapagos Report, 50-55 (Eds P. Ospina and E. Muñóz.). Quito-Ecuador: Fundación Natura and World Wildlife Fund (WWF).
  • Gardener, M. R. A. Tye and S.R. Wilkinson (1999) Control of Introduced plants in the Galapagos Islands. Twelfth Australian Weeds Conference, Tasmania Weed Society. Pp 396-400.
  • Tye, A. M. C. Soria and M. R. Gardener (2002) A strategy for Galapagos weeds. In Veitch, C. R. and Clout, M. N. (eds.) Turning the tide: the eradication of native species. IUCN SSC Invasive Species Specialist Group. IUCN, Gland, Switzerland and Cambridge, UK. IUCN SSC Invasive Species Specialist Group. IUCN, Gland, Switzerland and Cambridge, UK.
  • Thomas, S.E. Evans, H.C., Cortat, G., Koutsidou, C., Day, M. Ellison, C.A. & (2021) Assessment of the microcyclic rust Puccinia lantanae as a classical biological control agent of the pantropical weed Lantana camara Thomas, S. E., Evans, H. C., Cortat, G., Koutsidou, C., Day, M. D., & Ellison, C. A. (2021). Assessment of the microcyclic rust Puccinia lantanae as a classical biological control agent of the pantropical weed Lantana camara. Biological Control, 160, 104688.

The ‘Charles Darwin Foundation for the Galapagos Islands’, in French ‘Fondacion Charles Darwin  pour les Iles Galapagos’, Association Internationale sans but lucrative (AISBL), has its registered office at Avenue Louise 54, 1050 Brussels, Belgium. Trade Registry # 0409.359.103

© 2022 Charles Darwin Foundation. All rights reserved.